Shotput Throw Definition and Equipment , Marking , History - Athletics

shotput throw

The sport of shot put throw, with its roots tracing back to ancient Greece, has evolved over the centuries into a captivating and competitive discipline. This article delves into the history, definition, marking, and measurement formula of shot put, offering a comprehensive insight into this fascinating athletic endeavor.

Shotput Throw
Shotput Throw

1. Introduction

2.  Shot Put Definition and Equipment

3. The Historical Evolution of Shot Put

4. The Playing Field: Marking and Dimension

5. Measurement Formula: Determining the Winner

6. The Art of Shot Put: Technique and Training

7. Shot Put's Place in Modern Athletics

8. Conclusion

9. FAQs

Shotput Throw Definition and Equipment:

In the contemporary context, shotput throw involves athletes throwing a heavy metal ball, referred to as the "shot," for maximum distance. The shot is made of materials like brass or iron and comes in various sizes for different categories of athletes. Men typically use a shot weighing 7.26 kilograms, while women use a 4-kilogram shot. The athlete stands within a circle with a defined diameter, preparing to launch the shot as far as possible.

The Historical Evolution of Shotput

Shotput's throw origins can be traced to ancient Greece, where it was a part of the ancient Olympic Games. Initially, athletes used spherical stones as projectiles, and the sport was referred to as "stone putting." The concept was relatively straightforward: athletes competed to see who could throw a stone the farthest. As time passed, the sport developed, and the materials used for the shot evolved from stones to metal.

Shotput Throw

Marking and Dimensions

To ensure a level playing field, shotput throw venues adhere to specific markings and dimensions. The central element is the throwing circle, typically made of concrete or a similar material. The circle has a diameter of 2.135 meters for men and 1.22 meters for women. Athletes must initiate their throws from within this circle.

 Measurement Formula

The goal in shotput throw is simple: throw the shot as far as possible. The distance achieved by an athlete's throw is measured from the inner edge of the throwing circle to the point of impact where the shot lands. This measurement is crucial in determining the winner.

The formula used to measure the distance in shot put is:

Distance = (Distance from circle edge to shot's impact point) + (Diameter of the circle / 2)

This formula ensures that the athlete's skill and power are the determining factors in their success rather than their position within the circle.

Technique and Training

Mastering the shotput requires athletes to hone their technique and build strength. Athletes must employ a rotational or glide technique, depending on their preference and style. Coaches play a crucial role in training athletes to perfect their throws, emphasizing proper footwork, balance, and explosive power.

Shotput's Place in Modern Athletics

Shotput has retained its significance in modern athletics as a testament to strength and precision. It is a cornerstone event in track and field competitions, where athletes showcase their prowess through this captivating discipline.


Shot put throw, with its rich history and complex dynamics, continues to be a mesmerizing sport that demands dedication, skill, and physical prowess. From its humble origins in ancient Greece to its prominent place in contemporary athletics, shot put exemplifies the essence of human strength and competition.


1. How heavy is the shot used in men's shotput?

 Ans. The shot used in men's shot put weighs 7.26 kilograms.

2. What is the diameter of the throwing circle in shotput?

Ans. The diameter of the throwing circle in shot put is 2.135 meters for men and 1.22 meters for women.

3. How is the winner determined in shotput?

Ans. The winner in shot put is determined by measuring the distance from the inner edge of the throwing circle to the point where the shot lands.

4. What techniques do shot put athletes use?

Ans. Shot put athletes use either a rotational or glide technique to execute their throws.

5. What is the history of shotput in athletics?

Ans. Shotput has a rich history dating back to ancient Greece and remains a significant discipline in modern athletics, symbolizing strength and precision.

6. What is shotput throw in athletics?

Ans. Shot put is a track and field athletic event where athletes throw a heavy spherical object, called a "shot," as far as possible from a designated throwing circle, using a pushing motion with one hand.

7. What is the size of the shotput?

Ans. In men's shotput, the standard size of the shot is typically 7.26 kilograms (16 pounds). In women's shot put, the standard size is 4 kilograms (8.8 pounds).

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